Richard Lichten, CLS (Lt. Ret.) has thirty years of experience in police and jail procedures and tactics. He has qualified in Federal and Superior Courts in police practices, use of force, TASER use, jail policies and procedures, jail medical care and jail suicides, prison inmate culture, jail-made weapons, arrest warrant operations, just to name a few. Use of force expert testimony, which included the use of the TASER, was cited in the May 30, 2012, published opinion of the Court of Appeal of the State of California, Second Appellate District, Division Eight, Alma Mendoza v. City of West Covina, et al., (2012) 206 CAL APP 4th, 702, (Los Angeles County, Superior Court. Number: BC387119). In this opinion, the Court of Appeals affirmed the judgment for the plaintiff, in part due to Mr. Lichten's testimony. Mr. Lichten reviews and opines in civil plaintiff and defense cases, and in criminal defense and prosecution cases.